Rockwell Hardness Tester/Rockwell Hardness Scales



Rockwell Hardness Tester

Model No. 900-331

This Rockwell hardness tester comprises the very best in “state of the art” design along with dynamic precision only found at Phase II. The 900-331 Rockwell hardness tester is easy to operate, yet engineered to obtain highly sensitive and accurate readings. Conforming to ASTM E-18 Rockwell Hardness standards, the 900-331 hardness tester will offer unmatched repeatability in all standard Rockwell Hardness scales (table shown below). A perfect, rugged performer suited for any environment including heat treat facilities, tool rooms, workshops, laboratories and inspection labs. Lifetime technical support is included on all Phase II Hardness Testers. So test away with confidence and a level of accuracy you will only find at Phase II.  
Rockwell Hardness Tester Features
  • Direct analog dial reading
  • Advanced design, easy to operate
  • Engineered to obtain highly sensitive and accurate readings
  • Conforms to ASTM E-18
Perfect for laboratories, workshops, tool rooms, inspection labs, etc.  

Rockwell Hardness Tester Specifications:

Minor Load 10Kgf
MajorLoad 60Kgf, 100Kgf, 150Kgf
Test Force Application Dead Weight
Test Force Control Hydraulic Dashpot System
Results Display Analog Dial Gage
Vertical Capacity 6.7 in.
Throat Depth 6.6 in.
Height 30.0 in.
Width 8.50 in.
strong> Depth 20.0 in.
Shipping Weight 242 lbs.
Standard 900-331 Hardness Tester Accessories:
  • C-scale Diamond Indentor
  • 1/16″ Carbide Ball Indentor
  • 3-HRC Test Blocks
  • 1-HRB Test Block
  • Test Table 5.87″ (150mm)
  • Flat Anvil 2.5″ (63mm)
  • Std. Vee Anvil
  • Accessory Case
  • Dust Cover
Optional Hardness Tester Accessories: Rockwell Hardness Tester Scale/Penetrator/Weight load Chart:
Scale Symbol Indenter Type Ball dimensions indicate diameter Preliminary Force N (kgf) Total Force N (kgf) Typical Application
A Spheroconical Diamond 98.07 (10) 588.4 (60) Cemented carbides, thin steel and shallow case hardened steel
B Ball 1/16″ (1.588mm) 98.07 (10) 980.7 (100) Copper alloys, soft steels, alum. Alloys, malleable iron, etc.
C Spheroconical Diamond 98.07 (10) 1471 (150) Steel, hard cast irons,pearltic malleable iron, titanium, deep case hardened steel & other material harder than HRB 100
D Spheroconical Diamond 98.07 (10) 980.7 (100 Thin steel and medium case hardened steel and pearlitic malleable iron
E Ball – 1/8″ (3.175mm) 98.07 (10) 980.7 (100 Cast iron, aluminum&magnesium alloys and bearing metals
F Ball – 1/16″ (1.588mm) 98.07 (10) 588.4 (60) Annealed copper alloys, and thin soft sheet metals
G Ball – 1/16″ (1.588mm) 98.07 (10) 1471 (150) Malleable irons, copper-nckel-zinc and cupronickel alloys
H Ball – 1/8″ (3.175mm) 98.07 (10) 588.4 (60) Aluminum, zinc and lead
K Ball – 1/8″ (3.175mm) 98.07 (10) 1471 (150) Bearing metals and other very soft or thin materials. Use smallest ball and heaviest load that does not give anvil effect
L Ball – 1/4″ (6.350mm) 98.07 (10) 588.4 (60)
M Ball – 1/4″ (6.350mm) 98.07 (10) 980.7 (100)
P Ball – 1/4″ (6.350mm) 98.07 (10) 1471 (150)
R Ball – 1/2″ (12.70mm) 98.07 (10) 588.4 (60)
S Ball – 1/2″ (12.70mm) 98.07 (10) 980.7 (100)
V Ball – 1/2″ (12.70mm) 98.07 (10) 1471 (150)
Principle of Rockwell hardness testing The Rockwell hardness test is one of several common indentation hardness tests used today, other examples being the Brinell hardness test and Vickers hardness test. Most indentation hardness tests are a measure of the deformation that occurs when the material under test is penetrated with a specific type of indenter . In the case of the Rockwell hardness test, two levels of force are applied to the indenter at specified rates and with specific dwell times. Unlike the Brinell and Vickers tests, where the size of the indentation is measured following the indentation process, the Rockwell hardness of the material is based on the difference in the depth of the indenter at two specific times during the testing cycle. The value of hardness is calculated using a formula that was derived to yield a number falling within an arbitrarily defined range of numbers known as a Rockwell hardness scale. The general Rockwell hardness test procedure is the same regardless of the Rockwell scale or indenter being used. The indenter is brought into contact with the material to be tested, and a preliminary force (formally referred to as the minor load) is applied to the indenter. The preliminary force is usually held constant for a set period of time (dwell time), after which the depth of indentation is measured. After the measurement is made, an additional amount of force is applied at a set rate to increase the applied force to the total force level (formally referred to as the major load). The total force is held constant for a set time period, after which the additional force is removed, returning to the preliminary force level. After holding the preliminary force constant for a set time period, the depth of indentation is measured a second time, followed by the removal of the indenter from the test material. The measured difference between the first and second indentation depth measurements, “h”, is then used to calculate the Rockwell hardness number. For many older models of Rockwell hardness machines , the operator must manually control most or all of the steps of the test procedure. Many of today’s newer machines automatically perform the entire Rockwell hardness test.

Additional information

Weight 200 lbs
Dimensions 1 × 1 × 1 in